We then evaluated the morphological differences between the individual fruits from the distinct landscape areas. To this end, we selected three Anacardiaceae tree species co-occurring in a Chinese savanna, evergreen Pistacia weinmanniifolia , drought-deciduous Terminthia paniculata , and winter-deciduous Lannea coromandelica , to study inter-species differentiation in leaf and stem hydraulic safety. Although Spondias globosa is geographically sympatric with Spondias mombin in many localities,the two appear to have undergone niche partitioning: Our findings revealed that the ethanol stem bark extract of Lannea barteri contained bioactive constituents that may be useful in the management of petit mal epilepsy and supports the ethnomedical claim for the use of its stem bark in the management of epilepsy. In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to test the effects of ethanolic extract and acid glycoside as antioxidants against anoxia-stress tolerance, swimming endurance, and cyclophosphamide—immune suppression. Thus, knowing how the genetic variability of natural populations is organized allows for the establishment of strategies for conservation and the sustainable use of the species and its biome. Fimbrial vein absent; secondary veins 15—17 pairs, essentially straight, spacing somewhat irregular and decreasing toward base, angle acute and uniform, insertion on midvein abruptly decurrent; inter-secondaries present, ca.

However, Anacardiaceae have shifted climatic niches frequently during this time, while Burseraceae have experienced very few shifts between dry and wet climates and only in the tropics. In SW Amazonia, the two are usually easy to distinguish, but in Amazonian Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru one frequently finds individuals that appear to be intermediate between the two. Cancer is now the second-leading cause of mortality and morbidity, behind only heart disease, necessitating urgent development of chemo therapeutic interventions to stem the growing burden of cancer cases and cancer death. Antimicrobial activity of Schinus lentiscifolius Anacardiaceae. Topical gels containing extracts of Schinus terebinthifolius have been used to treat bacterial vaginosis.

The economic botany of the commonly cultivated species literxture Spondias has been reviewed extensively in several publications, therefore we present a brief overview after each species with reference to important publications.

The photoprotective effect was attributed to phenolic compounds in S. The current study was aimed to further study some pharmacological and toxicological properties of the plant to scientifically justify its use. Monographs in Systematic Botany Searsia undulata had the highest activity against most mycobacteria, followed by Protorhus longifolia.


Spondias testudinis closely resembles Spondias macrocarpa because both have leaves 5 7—jugate, the leaf rachis densely pubescent; intersecondary veins sometimes present, parallel to secondaries and with admedial branching; anthers 0. Lateral leaflets oblong- lanceolate, sometimes falcate, leaflet base insertion excurrent; fruit 3.

Although this species often occurs in dry forests revew although local populations may be threatened, we consider this species to be of Least Concern because it has a relatively broad range, moreover it is widely cultivated.

Literature review on spondias mombin

Sparsely and regularly serrate, the teeth often laciniate. Vanden Berghe, and A. An exception is the work of Wannan and Quinnwho used anatomical patterns of the endocarp in Anacardiaceae to detect generic affinities in the family and to characterize subfamily Spondioideae and distinguish it from the other tribes recognized by Engler that are now s;ondias to form the only other subfamily, Anacardioideae PellMitchell et al.

literature review on spondias mombin

MoraesNYSpondias onn fresh fruit [top], dry fruit, and endocarp: Leaves 7—12jugate, 12—30 cm long; petiole 3—5 cm long, petiole and rachis with dense long white hairs; lateral petiolules 1—3 mm long, the terminal one 3—20 mm long, petiolules with hairs as on rachis; basal leaflets 1. Spondias mombin is widely cultivated in the moist tropics, but it is native in Mexico south to SE Brazil; it may be native to E Brazil but this is uncertain.

To evaluate the wound healing in the stomach of rats with the use of the hydroalcoholic extract of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi aroeira. In vitro iron chelation property and in vivo ameliorating potential from iron overload induced liver toxicity of GA and MG was assessed by different biochemical assays and histopathological studies. This study provides phylogeographic evidence of multiple domestications of this Mesoamerican cultivated fruit tree.

literature review on spondias mombin

Differences in agroecological conditions or in field cleanliness did not affect the number of insect species encountered in the cashew orchards. The species of Spondias occurring in the Neotropics all have hypogeal germination. The phytochemical compositions and acute toxicity of the extract were determined also.


In Nicaragua, a decoction of the bark and leaves is used as an abortifacient and to treat fever, malaria, diarrhea CoeMO. Lateral leaflets broadly spondais leaflets with neither inter-secondary veins nor epimedial tertiary veins. Developmental pathway from leaves to galls induced by a sap-feeding insect on Schinus polygamus Cav.

literature review on spondias mombin

Antifungal metabolites from Schinopsis balansae Engl Anacardiaceae: The diversity index, based on Simpson’s index, was determined for the different populations.

C—D from Farney et al.

A revision of Spondias L. (Anacardiaceae) in the Neotropics

W Amazonia; outlier in Zulia, Venezuela. Although the method is useful to assess the 6 phenolic compounds, some compounds could not be literxture in the products.

Predictive models are lacking at the current-year branch scale despite the importance of this scale in plant science. Regarding the leaves of Spondiasin Mexico, an infusion of the fresh leaves of S. It was evident that oral administration of aqueous, methanolic, and ethanolic extracts of S.

Extracts from Peperomia galioides and Anredera diffusa had no effect on cell proliferation and did not exhibit mutagenic activity.

Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Fluorescence microscopy revealed that the numbers of digestive and proliferating cells were lower in lectin-treated individuals than in the control, and caspase-3 staining confirmed the occurrence of cell apoptosis. Literatre vaccine strain, M. They are characterized by diffuse-porous wood, vessels solitary and in multiples, tyloses and spiral thickenings sometimes present; simple perforation plates, alternate intervessel pits, rounded vessel-ray pits with much reduced borders to apparently simple; parenchyma paratracheal scanty to vasicentric; heterocellular rays, some with radial canals and crystals; septate fibres with simple pits.