Publications Pages Publications Pages. One historical problem with that argument has always been Germany whose economic modernization in the 19th century came long before the democratization after But, crucially, there is no deterministic link in this with political regime types; a virtuous cycle may include nondemocratic countries provided their polities have the ability to make credible commitments. Partly this criticism of determinism is justified since economic modernization indeed cannot deterministically create a democracy if democracy itself is predicated on more requisites than those obvious ones visible at a higher level of analysis and highlighted by classical modernization theorists , such as increasingly specialized and organized economic activity and social groups capable of informed collective action. That has been successfully exhibited by the Christian Medical Commission and in China through ‘ barefoot doctors ‘. Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice.

Naval Postgraduate School , ;. American Economic Review 92 5 , — Critics insist that traditional societies were often destroyed without ever gaining the promised advantages if, among other things, the economic gap between advanced societies and such societies actually increased. Kennedy proclaimed the s the “Development Decade” and substantially increased the budget for foreign assistance. S president Lyndon B. In this discussion on modernization theory, the emphasis on credibility is in no small measure also a means of critically assessing the latent processes behind the development and aftermath of that very climacteric event, which causes a shift in political regime and, in so doing, makes the entire process much smoother in our understanding. Handbook of Historical Sociology

On Getting and Keeping Democracy”. Threat to the West or Model for the Rest?

lipset modernization thesis

Rostow, Politics and the Stages of Growth ; A. Consider now how things might play out over time. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Moderization ed.

The rise of China’s middle class and prospects for democratization

Modernization theorists often saw traditions lipaet obstacles to economic growth. Thomas John M. Sociological theories of the late 19th century such as Social Darwinism provided a basis for asking what were the laws of evolution of human society.


By one definition, modern simply refers to the present, and any society still in existence is therefore modern. Metadata Show full item record. Theory and methodology of world development: The credible polity is a continuous latent process that does not come to life only in times of transition in economic systems or political regime.

Japan is cited as an example by both sides. Gladly, this logical link does exist and is a product of the research done on the reasons for failure and success of macroeconomic stabilization programs, which have increasingly modernizwtion the importance of sociopolitical issues in equal measure as the economic ones. Wilson —92 Lucius J. This can, of course, be viewed as more than merely a statistical artifact if it is in fact structurally induced at the level of institutions — in the tradition of North And yet, seemingly paradoxically, it also implies that human agency controls the speed and severity of modernization.

The government in this equally colorless setup is a perfect monopoly and thus never has any competitors to contend with. In international relations, credible commitments have been studied in relation to deterrence theory and the ability of political actors to make agreements mkdernization the international level in a two-level game with nontrivial national politics. Quarterly Journal of Economics 2— The second, owing to remarkable work by Lipsst et al.

The contributions of social choice theory are of fundamental importance owing to their concentration on how the regime structure specifically affects the first principles of political competition itself. The beauty of classical thesi theory is that it forces the researcher lipxet study development as a social process.

Modernization theory – Wikipedia

The third and final example of an issue that any modern theory on modernization must be able to comfortably deal with is actually related to two strands of literature within political science and economics.


Traditional religious lipseg and cultural traits, according to the theory, usually become less important as modernization takes hold. Agglomeration is typically shown to be related to minimizing both transportation costs for a production line and the negative externalities of proximal production while concomitantly maximizing the advantages of increasing returns through scale and scope economies see Krugman ; Venables Second, socioeconomic development generates social changes that can potentially facilitate htesis.

New technology is a major source of social change.

Highly contentious is the idea that modernization implies more human rights, with China in the 21st century being a modernizatin test case.

Journal of International and Theoretical Economics— It essentially espoused the merits of methodical analysis and treating social science as a science of social processes, and naturally the study of development took center stage in this ambition.

Seymour Martin Lipset

It is argued that globalization is related to the spreading of modernization across borders. Therefore, Moxernization was not trying to explain sectoral transitions of economies; he was creating an all-encompassing theory of development that inexorably led to a modernization of the polity and society.

lipset modernization thesis

Communication industries have enabled capitalism to spread throughout the world. Generally, clustering and spatial agglomeration of knowledge-based economic activity is not uncommon, ranging from the various fashion capitals of the world to the various Silicon Valley look-alikes.

Note that we can start from any specific location on the imperfect to perfect credible polity spectrum less than the perfect and, by application of its two principles, converge toward a perfect credible polity directly, without oscillation and theoretically in one shot.